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Texas Climate and Energy Profile

 

Texas Clean Energy and Climate Data

Sources of Electricity Produced in
Texas in 2012 1
Renewable Energy

The state has set a renewable energy standard of 5,880 megawatts by 2015. 2

Electricity Produced from Renewable Sources in 2012: 8% 3

Wind: 7.5% Solar: 0.0%
Hydro: 0.1% Biomass: 0.4%
Geothermal: 0%
Carbon Pollution Reduction

Change in Carbon Pollution from the Power Sector from 2005 to 2012:
3% reduction 4

Rate of Carbon Pollution for All Electricity Generating Sources in 2012: 1,301 pounds of CO2 emissions per megawatt hour generated 5

 

Electricity Production
and Consumption
Pollution Changes
and Intensity
Potential for
Cleaner Energy
Energy Efficiency
 
Regulatory Information
 

Electricity Generation by Fuel Source

The graph below displays annual electricity generation by fuel or resource type (e.g., coal, natural gas, nuclear, wind, solar) in megawatt hours (MWh).

Hover over a data point to view the quantity of electricity generated by a source type in a given year. Click on a source type in the key below the graph to remove/add that source type to the graph.

Click on the "Compare to U.S. and Region" tab to view the percent change in different source types from 2005 to 2012 for the state, region, and the United States.

Compare to U.S. and Region
Changes Over Time

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Source: EIA, 2013.

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Quantity of Energy Exported or Imported 

Energy produced in state in 2011: 12,582,200,000,000,000 BTU
Energy consumed in state in 2011: 12,206,590,000,000,000 BTU
Total exported in 2011: 375,610,000,000,000 BTU

The graph below shows the net quantity of energy exported from a state (a negative data point represents the quantity imported), based on the state’s net energy production and consumption. Quantity of net exports or imports is expressed in British Thermal Units (BTU).

Hover over a data point to view more information about energy exports or imports in a given year.

Click on the "Ratio of Production to Consumption" tab to compare the ratio of energy produced (i.e., the energy produced divided by the energy consumed) in 2011 for the state, the region, and the U.S.

Ratio of Production to Consumption
Changes Over Time

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Source: EIA, 2013.

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Compare to Other States/Regions >

 

 

Retail Electricity Prices 

Hover over the bars in the graph below to view the average retail electricity price per kilowatt hour in 2012 generated for each jurisdiction.

Compare to US and Region

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Source: EIA, 2013.

 

 

Spending on Electricity Relative to State Economic Activity 

Hover over the bars in the graph below to view the total retail electricity spending as a percent of the total economic activity (gross state or domestic product) for 2011 in the state, region, or United States.

Compare to US and Region

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Source: EIA, 2013; BEA 2014.

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Carbon Pollution in the Power Sector

2012 carbon emissions : 253,689,271 metric tons CO2
Carbon emission change from 2005 to 2012: -7,642,883 metric tons CO2
Percent change from 2005 to 2012: -3%

The graph below displays annual metric tons of CO2 emissions from the total electric power sector in the state. Hover over a data point below to view the amount of carbon pollution emitted from the electricity sector in a given year.

Click on the "% Change" tab to view the percent change in carbon pollution emitted between 2005 and 2012 as compared to the region and the United States.

% Change
Emissions Over Time

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Source: EIA, 2014.

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Compare to Other States/Regions >

 

 

Rate of Carbon Pollution in the Power Sector (All Sources)  

2012 carbon dioxide emissions rate: 1,301 lbs/MWh
Change in Carbon dioxide emission rate from 2005 to 2012: -151 lbs/MWh
Percent change from 2005 to 2012: -10.4%

The graph below displays annual CO2 emissions from the electric power sector divided by total megawatt hours of electricity generated (including non-emitting resources, such as renewable energy and nuclear generation resources), expressed in pounds CO2 emitted per megawatt hour of electricity generated (lbs CO2/ MWh).

Hover over a data point below to view the rate of carbon pollution emitted from the electricity sector in any given year. Click on the "% Change" tab to view the percent change in the carbon pollution rate from 2005 to 2012, as compared to the region and the United States.

% Change
Emissions Over Time

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For use in a presentation or report, click here for citation.

Source: EIA, 2014.

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Rate of Carbon Pollution in the Power Sector (Fossil Fuel Sources Only)  

2012 carbon dioxide emissions rate: 1,582 lbs/MWh
Change in Carbon dioxide emission rate from 2005 to 2012: -75 lbs/MWh
Percent change from 2005 to 2012: -4.5%

The graph below displays annual CO2 emissions from the electric power sector divided by megawatt hours of electricity generated from fossil-fuel fired electricity-generating resources only (i.e., coal, natural gas), expressed in pounds CO2 emitted per megawatt hour of electricity generated (lbs CO2 / MWh).

Hover over a data point below to view the rate of carbon pollution emitted from the electricity sector in any given year. Click on the "% Change" tab to view the percent change in the carbon pollution rate from 2005 to 2012, as compared to the region and the United States.

% Change
Emissions Over Time

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For use in a presentation or report, click here for citation.

Source: EIA, 2014.

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Compare to Other States/Regions >

 

 

Pollution Intensity  

Hover over one of the bars in the graph below to view the 2012 sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrous oxides (NOx) emissions intensity for the state, the region, and the United States, expressed as pounds emitted per megawatt-hour of electricity generated. Click on the tabs below to change the view.

SO2 Intensity
NOx Intensity

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Source: EIA, 2014.

 

Renewable Energy Potential

The graph below displays the renewable energy technical potential from different renewable energy resources (e.g., wind, solar, geothermal, biomass) as a quantity of electricity that could be generated annually, in megawatt hours.

Technical potential represents the achievable energy generation of a particular technology given system performance, topographic limitations, environmental, and land-use constraints. It establishes an upper-boundary estimate of renewable energy development potential. These estimates were calculated by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Potential

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Source: NREL, 2013.

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Natural Gas Generation Potential  

The graph below illustrates potential annual unused natural gas capacity in a state’s fleet of efficient combined-cycle natural gas power plants (in green), against the quantity of electricity generated from natural gas in the state in 2012 (in red).

Potential unused natural gas capacity is estimated by subtracting the quantity of electricity generated in 2012 by combined-cycle natural gas power plants from a conservative estimate of overall generation capacity of those plants. This methodology was used in a series of reports developed by the World Resources Institute.

Current Use and Unused Capacity

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Source: EIA, 2013.

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Potential to Reduce Electricity Use through Combined Heat and Power  

The graph below displays the technical potential to reduce electricity use through combined generation of heat and power (CHP).

Technical potential estimates the potential for application of combined heat and power technologies based on technological considerations alone, expressed as the electricity generation capacity that could avoided because of CHP efficiency (in megawatts).

Technical capacity does not take into account of economic factors, and represents an upper bound of what might be possible.

These estimates are from a 2010 ICF International report.

Current vs. Potential

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Source: ICF International, 2010.

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ACEEE State Energy Efficiency Scores and Rankings

The rankings and raw scores below are from the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy’s (ACEEE) 2013 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard.

Raw scores are presented with highest possible score in parentheses (higher scores represent a higher level of energy efficiency policy). Rankings are based on raw scores as compared to other states. The table also lists the average score for the region and the United States. Rankings are based on year 2012 data.

Area of Comparison Texas Rank relative to U.S. State Score Average Regional Score Average U.S. Score
Utilities and benefits programs and policies 41 (Tied with 2) 2.00 (out of 20) 4.30 (out of 20) 7.13 (out of 20)
Transportation policies 30 (Tied with 8) 1.00 (out of 9) 0.90 (out of 9) 2.69 (out of 9)
Building energy codes 20 (Tied with 15) 4.00 (out of 7) 3.80 (out of 7) 4.08 (out of 7)
State government initiatives 25 (Tied with 11) 3.50 (out of 7) 2.80 (out of 7) 3.74 (out of 7)
Appliance efficiency standards 4 (Tied with 7) 0.50 (out of 2) 0.10 (out of 2) 0.16 (out of 2)
  Overall Rank: 33 (Tied with 2)

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Source: ACEEE, 2013.

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Industrial Energy Efficiency Spending

The graph below displays the percentage breakdown of 2010 industrial energy efficiency spending for the state, region, and the United States. Industrial energy efficiency spending includes incentives and rebates, grants, loans, technical assistance, energy audits and assessments, and a variety of other services that help encourage greater industrial energy efficiency. ARRA, one of the sources of industrial energy efficiency spending shown below, stands for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

Click on "Per Unit of Consumption" to view total 2010 industrial energy efficiency spending relative to total industrial energy consumption, expressed as dollars spent on industrial energy efficiency per billion British Thermal Units of industrial energy consumption.

Per Unit of Consumption
Revenue Source

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For use in a presentation or report, click here for citation.

Source: ACEEE, 2012.

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Electricity Sector Regulation and Policy

This section provides a snapshot of key regulatory structures and renewable energy policies that vary among states.

Deregulation
Replacement of a monopoly system of electric utilities with competing sellers.

Yes

Retail Choice
A regulatory structure that enables retail customers to select among competing electricity providers.

Yes

Electricity Decoupling
Disassociation of a utility’s revenues from sales. The purpose of decoupling is to remove financial disincentives for regulated utilities to help their customers become more energy efficient.

No

Gas Decoupling
Disassociation of a utility’s revenues from sales. The purpose of decoupling is to remove financial disincentives for regulated utilities to help their customers become more energy efficient.

No

 

Type of Renewable Energy Policy

 

 

Standard

 

Renewable Energy Target

Renewable portfolio standards (standard) require electric utilities to produce a specified percentage of their electricity from renewable sources like solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal.

Voluntary goals are non-binding programs based on a renewable energy target, often with financial incentives for utilities to make progress toward the target. Some states have voluntary goals on top on mandatory standards (standard and goal); for these states, the listed target percentage and year are for the mandatory standard. Other states have no standard or voluntary (none), so no target percentage or year is listed.

5,880 megawatts by 2015

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Source: DSIRE, 2013; EIA, 2013; C2ES 2013.

 

 

1. Aggregated from the following for 2012. U.S. Energy Information Administration. “Net Generation by State by Type of Producer by Energy Source: 1990-2012.” State Historical Tables EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923. http://www.eia.gov/electricity/data/state/ (accessed May 9, 2014).

 

2. Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency. “Renewable Portfolio Standard Policies.” Summary Maps. 2013. http://www.dsireusa.org/documents/summarymaps/RPS_map.pdf (accessed May 12, 2014).

 

3. U.S. Energy Information Administration. “Net Generation by State by Type of Producer by Energy Source: 1990-2012.” State Historical Tables EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923. http://www.eia.gov/electricity/data/state/ (accessed May 9, 2014).

 

4. U.S. Energy Information Administration. “U.S. Electric Power Industry Estimated Emissions by State: 1990-2012.” State Historical Tables EIA-767, EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923. http://www.eia.gov/electricity/data/state/ (accessed May 12, 2014).

 

5. Emissions data from U.S. Energy Information Administration. “U.S. Electric Power Industry Estimated Emissions by State: 1990-2012.” State Historical Tables EIA-767, EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923. http://www.eia.gov/electricity/data/state/ (accessed May 12, 2014). Generation data from U.S. Energy Information Administration. “Net Generation by State by Type of Producer by Energy Source: 1990-2012.” State Historical Tables EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923. http://www.eia.gov/electricity/data/state/ (accessed May 9, 2014).